According to the CDC, the United States has more than 2 million people incarcerated with 20,093 of those inmates living with HIV/AIDS. Prevention challenges during incarceration are prevalent such as lack of awareness, lack of resources for HIV testing and treatment, and concerns about privacy and stigma. However, barriers to treatment and housing continue to exist upon reentry.
Formerly incarcerated individuals return to communities with already scarce resources making it difficult to maintain housing and employment. In addition, many of these individuals are often banned from federal programs.